Tag: Economics

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How Singapore and Malaysia Dealt With Financial Crisis
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: The research explains and compares how Singapore and Malaysia dealt with the Asian Financial Crisis. It shows how the government of both countries came up with strategies to overcome the crisis. It al...

Literature Review of Debt And Equity
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Article 1 In emerging economies debt is the major source of external financing. In early years not have effect on firms but later on its effect appeared.Debt can be used as expropriation mechanism. D...

Impact of CPI on Stock Return
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Impact of Consumer Price Index on Stock Return INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to see the relationship between the Stock return of KSE-100 index and Consumer price index (CPI). The well-or...

Income Disparity Issues: Causes, Effects and Strategies
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Literature Review Focusing on Income Disparity Issues Income disparity is a widespread phenomenon in not only the developing economies, but the developed world as well. Shift towards the studies rela...

Volatility of Macroeconomic Variables and Stock Returns
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Volatility of Macroeconomic Variables that create Variation in Stock Returns Literature review is an analysis or summary of previous researches towards a particular topic. The purpose of performing l...

Agency Cost Theory and Maturity Matching Theory
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: 2.1 Agency Cost Theory Myers (1977) discussed that risky debt financing caused low investment benefits when a firm’s investment had chances to look for growth option. Financial Analysts worked t...

Barriers and Risks Affecting SMEs
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Barriers and Risks Affecting SMEs in Today’s Market 2.1 Introduction Small and Medium Enterprises form an important part of the economy and it plays an important role in the growth of both the ...

Portfolio Theory and the Capital Asset Pricing Model
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Ample work has been done on pricing asset due to its vital importance in finance literature. Several researches have been conducted in the area of pricing stock prices Harry Markowitz (1952) gave port...

Financial Liberalisation as an Economic Tactic
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: 2.2 Theoretical Review Many countries have witnessed huge strides towards liberalization of the financial markets. This reform was mainly adopted in view of promoting growth in the country. Thus, this...

Literature Review on Stock Market Behaviour
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: 2.0 Introduction The dynamic relationship between macroeconomic variables and share returns have been widely discussed and debated. It is an uneasy task to select a proper macroeconomic variable that ...

Literature Review of American Mortgage History
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: In their article “The American Mortgage in Historical and International Context” 2005, Green and Watcher observed how the history of the American mortgage has undergone enormous changes of late. ...

Literature Review on Inflation and Stock Returns
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: 2.1 Introduction This chapter focuses on the literature review aspect of this study. It reviews issues around inflation and stock returns. 2.2.1 Conceptual Issues Inflation has defined in many ways by...

Literature Review on Day of the Week Effect
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Literature Review on Day of the Week Effects Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) claims that financial markets are “informationally efficient” Fama (1970). In other words, financial markets reflect...

Literature Review on the Phenomenon of Politeness
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: The phenomenon of interest in politeness, both socially and linguistically, has seen a significant increase over the last three decades as evidenced by the numbers of paper that have appeared on the s...

Determinants of Value Creation through M&As
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Crude oil and natural gas are major commodities traded in international markets. Refined products are used in a variety of ways, such as motor fuel (which is the most significant product derived from ...

PSD Strategies of the Private Sector In Cambodia
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: 1. Introduction Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometers (km2) and borders Viet Nam, Lao People Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Thailand. The longest river in Asia, the Mekong River, runs ...

Profit Versus the Free Cash Flow Hypothesis
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Free cash flow is the amount of cash that a company has on hand after it has paid all of its expenses, together with investments. Free cash flow is crucial since it permits a company to chase oppor...

Dividend Policy and Operating Cash Flow
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Dividend policy in the firm has been the major issue for understanding how managers set dividend and change dividend given to stockholders. The extant literature on dividend payout ratios provides fir...

Oil Prices and their Impact on the Economy
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Introduction The subject of this study is oil prices and their impact on the economy as a whole. Oil plays a crucial role in the world’s economy and has a big influence on it. It affects the wor...

Macroeconomic Variables and Nigerian Stock Market
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: The world’s financial market are categorized into three different classification namely developed, emerging and frontier markets, (FTSE 2003). This classification was done on the foundation of s...

Key Factors of Oil Prices in Pakistan
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: According to economic survey of Pakistan (2006), in line with the rising growth rate of GDP, demand for energy has also grown rapidly. The magnitude by which economies are hurt as a result of price sh...

Effects of Corporate Scandals in the Stock Market
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Introduction: Equity markets today are important participants in economic activity. They are an important source of funds to corporations that utilize them for trade and capital expansion hence, contr...

Literature Review of Indian Stock Exchanges
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, India supplied Britain with raw materials and a market for manufactured products. Britain became increasingly reliant on India for raw materials such as...

Capital Structure in Developing Countries
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: Capital structure aims to yield the lowest cost of capital basically it refers debt to equity ratio of the firm. To determine the optimum capital structure the capital amount should be fixed with chan...

Effect of Credit Programmes on Farm Productivity
6th Dec 2019
Introduction: The research by (Taylor, Drummond, & Gomes, 1986) related to effectiveness of subsidized credit programs in improving the productivity of traditional farmers in developing countries the credit pr...