Tag: Neurology

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Neuroblastoma Risk Factors and Incidence
16th Dec 2019
Introduction: Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in which cells divide and proliferate in an uncontrolled way (Figure 1‑1) caused by multiple mutations and changes in gene expression. These cancerous cells in...

Calcium & Chloride Channels Involved in Glioma Functions
16th Dec 2019
Introduction: There is tight interplay between Ca2+ and Cl– flux that can influence brain tumour proliferation, migration and invasion. Glioma is the predominant malignant primary brain tumour (accounts for ...

Calpain Inhibition as a Magic Bullet
16th Dec 2019
Introduction: Calpain Inhibition as a Magic Bullet Abstract: Proteases are involved in a variety of diseases including the majority of neurodegenerative and neuromuscular disorders. The role of protease inhibitors ...

Do Psychopaths Have Abnormal Brains?
16th Dec 2019
Introduction: The neurobiology concept behind psychopathy has not been fully understood as of yet. There are very few studies that examine the structural and function of the brain in psychopaths. The aim of this ar...

Gender Differences in Neurotoxicity
12th Dec 2019
Introduction: Abstract Neurotoxicity is damage to the structure and/or function of the peripheral and central nervous systems. It is a common outcome of exposure to hundreds of environmental chemicals, which act vi...

Neurological Aspects of Pain
12th Dec 2019
Introduction: 1.1. Functional Properties of Nerve Fibres 1.1.1. Properties of Peripheral Somatic Nerves Peripheral somatic nerves consists generally of somatic-motor, autonomic-motor and sensible fibres. 1.1.1.1. S...

Fibroblast Growth Factors (FGFs) in Neural Induction
12th Dec 2019
Introduction: Abstract Neural induction represents the first stage in the formation of the vertebrate nervous system from embryonic ectoderm. Fibroblast Growth Factors (FGFs), initially identified for their mitogen...

Central Nervous System Co-signaling Pathways
11th Dec 2019
Introduction: Introduction The central nervous system (CNS) constitutes a highly specialized environment where immune activation can be detrimental. Traditionally, it was believed that the CNS is immunologically p...

Probiotics and Prebiotics Effect on Brain Development
10th Dec 2019
Introduction: Review Probiotic, prebiotic and brain development Abstract: During the last years, a number of studies have demonstrated that there are extensive bi-directional interactions between the central nervo...

Types of Stroke and Risk-Factors
10th Dec 2019
Introduction: Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability. Describe the pathological sub-types of stroke, including relevant risk factors, and differences in their outcomes. (50%) Based on their main pathologi...

Neural Circuits in Fear Extinction
10th Dec 2019
Introduction: Extinction, or the reduction of conditioned responses, occurs after multiple presentations of previously-conditioned stimuli (CS) without the presence of the unconditioned stimuli (UCS) (Milad & ...

GAA Repeat Expansion in FRDA
10th Dec 2019
Introduction: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA, OMIM #229300), the most common inherited ataxia, is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder. The first symptoms, which are limb and gait ataxia and loss of tendon r...